A Balance Activities Approach/Techniques in Teaching Speaking

A Balance Activities Approach/Techniques in Teaching Speaking
The focus on communicative activities and the concentration on language as means as of communication such an approach/technique has been called communicative approach or communicative language teaching (Harmer, 1991:41). This is because it aims are overtly communicative and great emphasis is placed on training students to use language for communication.
According to Harmer in Harmer (1981:37) “the aim of all teaching language is to train students for communicative efficiency, but not all the components of the approach are advocating here which are not in themselves communicative”. The importance stage in developing communicative activities in teaching speaking is designed to teach students to communicate, however the learning organized. It is perhaps better to see the methodology/approach in terms of the activities involve students in and to assembly a balanced programme of such activities.
According to Harmer (1991:42) “a balanced activities approach sees the job of the teacher as that of ensuring that students get a variety of activities which foster acquisition and which foster learning”. It being a balance between the components of input and output. Both for pedagogical reasons and for students’ continuing interest in the language programme this balance is the essential ingredient of the methodology/approach.   
The important component of the balance activities approach is the teacher’s willingness to be both adaptable and flexible. Adaptability refers to the teacher’s ability to basis of the different groups that are being taught. It means that the teacher has powerful to use and choice activities and material teaching. While, flexibility refers to the behavior of teacher’s in class and their ability to be sensitive to the changing need of the group as the lesson progresses. Good teacher must be prepared to adapt and alter their plants if this proves necessary. In short, the principle behind  good lesson planning are variety and flexibility of different type of activity and possible introduce the students to a wide selection of materials because it avoid of routine and monotonous for them.

Teaching is an art, the good lesson planning is the art of mixing techniques, activities and materials in such a way that an ideal balance is created for the class in teaching speaking teacher will probably come to a decision about presentation, controlled practice and communicative activities. an example of a balance activities in teaching speaking is mixing the picture strip story technique with group work and role play. The activities allow students to practice using all of the language they know in situations that resemble real settings. In these activities, students must work together to develop a plan, resolve a problem, or complete a task.

Harmer.J.(1991). English Language;Study and Teaching'Foreign language. London and New York.                               ISBN 0582046564.

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